Breed Type: Non-Sporting
Weight: 6 to 40 lbs
Height: 9 to 19 inches
Coat type: Long straight hair on outer coat and short and dense undercoat.
The American Eskimo belongs to the Spitz families of Nordic breeds and is closely related to the white German Spitz. The breed was named American Eskimo Dog, after it was brought to America from Germany. Samoyed and White Keeshond breed can also be related to the American Eskimo Dog. This breed is found in three varieties: the toy, miniature, and standard. So, you can choose your Eskimo according to your interests and house size.
History shows that German settlers were the first who brought White Spitz dogs to the United States. In 1913, the breed was first registered with the UKC. Then the kennel name American Eskimo became famous for the breed. The American Eskimo became very popular in the United States and were regularly seen in the Barnum and Bailey Circus. The first dog which walked a tight rope was Stout's Pal Pierre. In 1969, the North American Eskimo Dog Association was formed. For the purpose of achieving AKC recognition, the American Eskimo Dog Club of America formed in 1985. On July 1, 1995, the American Eskimo was formally recognized by the AKC. Today in America, American Eskimos are famous for their narcotics detection, agility, competitive obedience, and performing tricks. This breed is one of the most preferred pet dogs, as they are considered very good watchdogs.
American Eskimos are usually available in white or biscuit cream colors. The color of their skin is either pink or gray. The preferred color for the eyelids, gums, nose, and pads of American Eskimo is black. The head of American Eskimo is wedge-shaped and its head, muzzle and skull are generally of same length. Its ears are usually found in erect triangular-shaped. The tail of American Eskimo is heavily plumed and is mostly curled over the back. Their coat is either white or white with biscuit or cream markings. Any other color is not at all accepted. The coat is comparatively heavy around the neck. The coat should not curl or wave, the undercoat should be thick and plush and the outer coat should be harsher. Dogs having blue eyes or having weight less then 9 inches or over 19 inches is not at all recommended.
Favorite circus dog of the 19th century, American Eskimo Dog is quick, bright, intelligent, playful, inquisitive, beautiful with snowy-white coat and can perform many tricks including walking a tight rope. American Eskimos are fun loving, outgoing and are quite sociable. They are quite friendly and enjoy being among family, children and other household pets. As this is one of the intelligent breeds, little training can do with them. American Eskimo often ranks among the top scorers in obedience trials. These dogs like to work. They do not feel comfortable among strangers, but when introduced, they become instant friends to them. Eskimos loves to be part of the family and enjoy spending time with their family members.
The American Eskimo is a healthy breed in comparison to other dog breeds. They are generally prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. American Eskimos can also suffer from dermatitis but it can be prevented by keeping its thick double coat clean and free of fleas. Special attention is also required for its eyes and tear ducts. This breed very easily gains weight in lack of enough exercise. The American Eskimo needs to be taken on a long walk on daily basis.
The thick snowy white coat of the American Eskimo is easy to groom. You can use a firm bristle brush for brushing their soft coat at least twice a week. It is preferred to brush daily when it is shedding. This breed is an average shedder and don't shed too much.