There are many diseases, which are common to cats. If ignored some of these diseases may turn out to be fatal. But most of these diseases can be prevented by taking care of simple things. Firstly, keep your cat indoors. Secondly, get your cat vaccinated against some common cat diseases.
Some of the common cat diseases are:
Upper respiratory infections (URIs).
URIs are similar to the common cold in humans. Symptoms include
sneezing, running nose and eyes, reddened eyes, fever, and decreased
appetite. If left untreated URIs can be fatal. These airborne viruses
are highly contagious; they can be transmitted to cats through human
handling and through contact with other cats and with inanimate objects
such as litter boxes, food bowls, and grooming tools.
Separate any new cat from your other cats for at least three weeks
until you are sure that the newcomer doesn't have any symptoms of a URI.
Prevention is the best approach to URIs. Get your cat vaccinated. But
if your cat exhibits URI symptoms contact your veterinarian immediately.
The veterinarian will probably prescribe a dosage of antibiotics to
prevent secondary infections and give you precise care instructions.
Follow them carefully and make sure your cat eats and drinks
Rabies is a fatal and one of the more common cat diseases. It is a
viral illness that is transmitted through bite wounds from infected
animals and attacks the nervous system. Prevent rabies through
vaccination and by keeping your cat indoors.
Also known as feline distemper, this is a highly contagious viral
disease that can be transmitted through contact with humans, infected
cats, clothing, hair, paws, food bowls, and even cat carriers. The
disease comes on suddenly with vomiting, loss of appetite, and diarrhea.
Prevent this disease by getting your cat vaccinated against this virus.
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
FeLV is a fatal infectious virus that affects the immune system and can
cause several forms of cancer and other associated diseases. It is
transmitted through the saliva, urine, and faeces of infected cats.
Blood tests can diagnose this disease. The cat should be tested before
being vaccinated. Prevention is the only cure for this disease. Get your
cat vaccinated and keep it indoors.
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
FIV is similar to human acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) but
the disease causing virus is different. This fatal virus attacks the
immune system, causing a variety of symptoms. General symptoms include
chronic, non-responding infections; respiratory problems; appetite loss;
persistent diarrhoea; and severe oral infections. FIV is passed from cat
to cat primarily through bites. There is currently no vaccination or
cure for FIV. Keep your cat inside to prevent it from contacting FIV.
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP).
FIP is deadly virus that is fatal to cats. This virus can take two
forms, commonly referred to as wet (which involves fluid in the abdomen)
and dry (which does not). Both forms of FIP may cause fever, lethargy,
vomiting, diarrhoea, and loss of appetite.
There is no effective treatment for FIP. The best way to prevent this
disease is to keep your cat indoors away from strange animals and remain
up-to-date on vaccines.