Breed Type: Toy
Weight: 8-10 pounds
Height: 6 to 9 inches
Coat type: Long and abundant hair with a thick undercoat.
The Pekingese are also generally referred to as a Lion Dog, due to their resemblance to Chinese guardian lions. This breed belongs to an ancient breed of toy dog, which was originated in China. The Pekingese has several characteristics and health issues related to its unique appearance. They are also called Dogs of Foo or Fu, which means happy in Chinese. The Pekingese are named after Peking, the city of China that is now known as Beijing. According to a Chinese legend, Pekingese are believed to be an offspring of a lion and a monkey.
In ancient times, The Pekingese were highly thought of as semi-divine by the Chinese. To show respect, common public had to bow to them. It was also believed that if you stole one, you were punished by death. When an emperor used to die, Pekingese were sacrificed after his death so that they could go with him to give protection in the next world. In 1860, during the Second Opium War, Imperial Guards were ordered to kill the Pekingese dogs to prevent them from falling into the hands of the foreign soldiers. Anyhow five Pekingese survived and were taken to Queen Victoria, and she named them, Looty. From these five survived Pekingese, the modern Pekingese are descended. This breed was first shown in Britain, in 1893. And in United States it was recognized quite late, in 1909.
The Pekingese has a long and abundant hair with a thick under coat. It comes in almost all colors. The head of the Pekingese is usually broad and wide. The eyes of these dogs are large, dark, lucid and slightly prominent. Their face is flat and has a dark and wrinkled muzzle. The long feathering ears of Pekingese are heart-shaped and seem to be dropping. They have very short and thick neck. In appearance, these dogs are tiny and have heavy bones. The Pekingese are available in various colors and patterns, but the most common ones are black and beige or white with other colors.
Pekingese are affectionate, noble and get along with other pets in the family. However they do not like strangers and may get aggressive, when disturbed while they are resting. Therefore, they are not suggested for the families having small children in the house. They love to be independent. At times, they are not easily submissive to the commands of its master; but they are extremely affectionate towards their master. These little dogs are very brave as well as sensitive. They are simply adorable and make wonderful companions. Pekingese are also considered as good watchdogs. They don't like to be among strangers, and may, at times, also become uncomfortable among children. They are often seen showing dominance over their owners.
Pekingese generally catch cold very easily. They are known for their difficult births. This breed is prone to herniated disks and dislocated kneecaps. Trichaiasis, the disease in which lashes grow inside toward the eyeballs, is also very commonly found in this breed. Breathing problems and heart problems are also seen in Pekingese.
Pekingese dog needs a lot of grooming. Daily combing and brushing its coat is required. Applying powder and dry shampoo once a week is almost necessary for this breed. It is advisable to trim the excessive hair around the pads of the feet. Pekingese dogs are most suitable for apartment lives as they do not need much exercise. The face and eyes of these dogs should be washed on daily basis.