Breed Type: Non-Sporting
Weight: 40 to 60 lbs
Height: 19 to 23 inches
Coat type: Must have short coat.
Color: Dalmatian puppies are born white and develop black or liver colored spots later. These spots should be round with a diameter of 2 to 3 cm, well defined and must be separated.
Dalmatian dogs are often called the 'black and white spotted' dogs as they are found with distinctive black and white spots all over their body. These spots are also the unique identification symbols for this breed as no other purebreed dog has the distinctive Dalmatian spots. Dalmatians as believed by majority of people have basically originated from Dalmatia, a province in Croatia. Dalmations are said to be one of the oldest purebreds in the world. The average life expectancy of this breed is 10-12 years.
The history of the Dalmatian is an uncertain and highly debated topic. Most of the people believe that the breed has originated in Dalmatia, a province in Croatia; however there are certain people who believe that Dalmatian may have some links with Egypt as Dalmatian has been seen in Egyptian cave paintings, running alongside chariots. A chapel in Florence has a fresco of 14th century which also had a pictorial representation of a dog identical to Dalmatian. Whatever its origins, one thing is for sure that the Dalmatian is an ancient breed which has come through the years virtually unchanged. Dalmatians were also used as a dog of war, a hunter, a retriever, a bird dog, and a carriage dog. They were also used as a watch dogs and firehouse mascot.
Adult Dalmatians are muscular and agile. They are fit for all kinds of lifestyle. They are of about 19 to 24 in height and 45 to 70 lbs. in weight, when they are fully grown. They have short fine furry coat which they shed all the year around. It is not woolly or silky rather sleek, glossy and healthy in appearance. They have a well proportionate body and arched neck line. Their chest is deep, voluminous and of moderate width, having good coil of rib without being tub shaped. They have strong and sturdy bone structure. However, the most distinct feature in their appearance is their black and white spot which make them most popular.
Dalmatians are well behaved and polite even with strangers. They love to jog for miles and are a good watchdog. Loving, devoted and sociable, a Dalmatian is full of stamina, friendly and affectionate. Dalmatian dogs become good playmates for children and get along well with other dogs or household pets. They need consistent training and respond well to positive reinforcement. They love to be praised when they have proved themselves worthy of it.