Popularly called Canadian Hairless, Sphynx is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat. Its hairlessness makes it less susceptible to allergic reactions. Lovely and vivacious, Sphynx is one of the foremost hairless cats ever known. Some of the most distinctive features of a Sphynx are its extremely large ears and a pot belly. As compared to the other cat breeds, Sphynx have different requirements and needs. They love warmer areas and also need a high calorie intake diet. Also, the cat must be protected from direct sunlight and extreme weather conditions. In the following lines, we have provided information about the history, appearance and personality of Sphynx cats.
Sphynx is one of the first successful hairless breed of cats. It originated due to natural mutation. In 1966 a domestic cat gave birth to a hairless kitten in Toronto, Canada and thus, Sphynx came into existence. However, the kitten, named Prune, died and there were no descendants as well. After a year, hairless kittens, and their longhaired mother cat were rescued in Toronto. While the kittens were neutered, the mother cat bore more litters. Out of them, two of the litters were exported to Europe, where one was bred to a Devon Rex. The cat bore hairless kittens, which implied that the recessive gene was at the same locus as the Devon gene.
It was in 1980s that a hairless cat was presented at the Madison square garden cat show by Vicki and Peter Mark stein. Cat breeders in Europe and North America have bred the Sphynx to normal coated cats and then back to hairless to create a genetically sound cat with a large gene pool and hybrid vigor. This feline breed ranks seventh in popularity by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and has been vying for championship status by this world’s largest breed registry, since 2002.
Sphynxs are medium-sized cats with broad chest. They are hard, muscular, and have medium bone density. They have well-rounded abdomen, which gives the appearance of having eaten a large meal. Coming to facial features, the feline has a round head that is longer than being wide. The cat has large ears, which are rounded at the edges and large, wide eyes that are set apart. Most of the Sphynx have green or hazelnut brown colored eyes. They have an open-eyed, intelligent face with a friendly expression. The Sphynx is not always totally hairless; there can be a fine down on the body, which makes the cat feel like a warm peach. The cat dons long, thin legs with oval paws, the pads of which are stronger when compared to other cats. While the females weigh between 7 and 9 pounds, the males' average weight is between 8 and 10 pounds.
Sphynx has a combined personality trait of monkey, dog, child and cat. It is known for its extrovert behavior and display a high level of energy, curiosity, and affection when around its owners. Sphynx are extremely devoted and loyal to its owner and demands unconditional attention. It would perform silly tricks and frolics for entertainment as well as attention. Its lively, vibrant and curious nature makes it extremely playful and mischievous. Overall, Sphynx are affectionate, gentle natured and fond of human company.