Japanese Bobtail is quite an ancient cat breed. It has been in
existence for centuries. These cats were imported into Japan from
Southeast Asia over 1000 years ago. In 1602, Japanese authorities
announced that all cats should be set free in order to deal with rodents
threatening the silk-worms. Trading cats was made illegal, and after
that, bobtailed cats lived on farms and in the streets. As a result,
Japanese Bobtails became the "street cats" of Japan. After
World War II, American residents in Japan came across the bobtailed cats
as pets in Japanese households and thereafter, American breeders began
to develop Japanese Bobtail as a pedigree breed. The first pair of
Bobtails, credited as part of a formal breeding programme, was imported
in 1968. In 1971, the Japanese Bobtail was given provisional status in
the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). It was accepted by CFA for
championship competition in 1976.
Japanese Bobtail has long torso, which is sturdy and well-muscled. Its
neck is not too long and not too short, corresponding to the length of
the body. It has triangular face, high cheekbones, long, straight nose,
and broad ears. It has clean lines and well-developed bone structure.
Japanese Bobtail cats have quite broad and round muzzle, which is
neither pointed nor blunt. Their large eyes are oval rather than round.
These are medium in size, though males are larger than females.
Their legs are long, slender, and high, and the hind legs longer than
the forelegs. Japanese Bobtails have a "bunny-tail", the fur
fans out to form a fluffy pom-pom. These cats come in most colors; the
most common pattern is the tri-color, or mi-key (white with red and
black) good-luck pattern, but other colors and patterns are also
accepted. The coat of short-haired cat is soft and silk, medium in
length; while of long-haired cat is soft, silky and of medium-long to
long in length.
Japanese Bobtails are active, intelligent, and talkative cats. They are
also called singing cats because they chirp melodiously, while talking.
They easily adjust and adapt themselves to new people and new
situations. These cats are affectionate, usually sweet-tempered and
enjoy supervising household chores. Japanese Bobtail Cats has a
well-defined sense of family life and love human company. Due to their
human-oriented personality, they are easy to teach tricks, like walking
on a harness and lead, and playing fetch.